ARC resource pack
ARC resource pack

Participation and inclusion

This module provides practical information, guidelines, inspiring case studies and participatory tools to support organisations and key adult actors to engage with children as rights holders and social actors, supporting their participation in decision-making processes, which affect them and their communities. Guidance is provided to support the development of meaningful, ethical, sustainable, and inclusive participation of children (of different ages and backgrounds) in project, programme and policy responses and service delivery during different phases of an emergency, from preparedness, early, intermediate, and post emergency responses to longer-term development.

Building genuine partnerships between adults and children (and among children themselves) is a particular focus of this module as a means of transforming power relationships and creating the space for all children to interact and intervene in different levels of decision-making structures, systems and processes that are accessible and responsive to them.

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PowerpointLink slides (PowerPoint)

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  Study materialWordLinkPDFLink
Section1Defining and justifying children's participation and inclusion
Exercise1Ball exerciseWordLinkPDFLink
Exercise2Children's participation balloonWordLinkPDFLink
Exercise3Adult roles and levels of children's participationWordLinkPDFLink
Exercise4Discrimination analysisWordLinkPDFLink
Exercise5Timeline of a day in a child's lifeWordLinkPDFLink
Exercise6Power ballWordLinkPDFLink
Handout1Reasons to promote children's participation in emergenciesWordLinkPDFLink
Handout2Balloon pictureWordLinkPDFLink
Handout3Definitions of children's participation and inclusionWordLinkPDFLink
Handout4Dealing with objections and obstaclesWordLinkPDFLink
Handout5Reddy and Ratna's ladder of participation WordLinkPDFLink
Section2Children's rights to participation and inclusion
Exercise1Identifying children's participation rights and their relevance to emergenciesWordLinkPDFLink
Exercise2Children's participation rightsWordLinkPDFLink
Exercise3Supporting adult-child partnershipsWordLinkPDFLink
Handout1The essence of CRC articles relevant to children's participation rightsWordLinkPDFLink
Handout2Case studiesWordLinkPDFLink
Handout3Roles for Part AWordLinkPDFLink
Handout4Roles for Part BWordLinkPDFLink
Section3Children's participation practice standards
Exercise1Introducing practice standards in children's participationWordLinkPDFLink
Exercise2Risk assessmentWordLinkPDFLink
Exercise3Developing child-friendly informationWordLinkPDFLink
Handout1The practice standards in summaryWordLinkPDFLink
Handout2Practice standard scoring and action-planning tableWordLinkPDFLink
Handout3Assessing risks with children, AfghanistanWordLinkPDFLink
Handout4Risk assessment worksheetWordLinkPDFLink
Handout5Actions taken to reduce risks, AfghanistanWordLinkPDFLink
Handout6How to produce child-friendly documentsWordLinkPDFLink
Section4Building capacity for children's participation
Exercise1Developing an ideal facilitatorWordLinkPDFLink
Exercise2Interviewing childrenWordLinkPDFLink
Exercise3Identifying cultural forms of expressionWordLinkPDFLink
Exercise4Promoting inclusion of younger children and children with disabilitiesWordLinkPDFLink
Exercise5Paper chain gameWordLinkPDFLink
Exercise6Child-led organisations and adult-child partnershipsWordLinkPDFLink
Exercise7Diamond rankingWordLinkPDFLink
Handout1Role-play scenarios and checklist for observersWordLinkPDFLink
Handout2Case studiesWordLinkPDFLink
Handout3Case studiesWordLinkPDFLink
Section5Involving children in situation analysis
Exercise1Preparing for effective children's participation in situation analysisWordLinkPDFLink
Exercise2Risk mappingWordLinkPDFLink
Exercise3Body mappingWordLinkPDFLink
Exercise4Introducing participatory tools for working with childrenWordLinkPDFLink
Exercise5Problem tree analysisWordLinkPDFLink
Exercise6Circle of influenceWordLinkPDFLink
Exercise7Capacity analysisWordLinkPDFLink
Exercise8Transect walkWordLinkPDFLink
Exercise9How? How? How?WordLinkPDFLink
Handout1Key guidelines to ensure good practiceWordLinkPDFLink
Handout2Capacity analysis tableWordLinkPDFLink
Section6Children's participation in emergency preparedness and response
Exercise1Children's participation in prevention and/or service deliveryWordLinkPDFLink
Exercise2Steps in child-led disaster risk reduction (CL-DRR)WordLinkPDFLink
Exercise3Visioning and next stepsWordLinkPDFLink
Handout1Case studiesWordLinkPDFLink
Section7Monitoring and evaluating children's participation
Exercise1Why? Why? Why? Should we involve children in monitoring and evaluation?WordLinkPDFLink
Exercise2Introducing a framework and matrix exercises for measuring children's participationWordLinkPDFLink
Exercise3Participatory monitoring tools for use with and by childrenWordLinkPDFLink
Exercise4TimelineWordLinkPDFLink
Exercise5H assessmentWordLinkPDFLink
Exercise6Circle analysis of inclusion and exclusionWordLinkPDFLink
Exercise7Before-and-after body mapWordLinkPDFLink
Exercise8Introducing the spider toolWordLinkPDFLink
Handout1Why children's participation processes and impact should be monitored and evaluated with and by childrenWordLinkPDFLink
Handout2Exploring scopeWordLinkPDFLink
Handout3Exploring qualityWordLinkPDFLink
Handout4Exploring impactWordLinkPDFLink
Handout5Key quality elements of child-led organisations and initiatives WordLinkPDFLink
Handout6Example of spider diagramWordLinkPDFLink